Choosing The Site
for Dish Installation
The first thing you
need to do is choose the installation site. The area must have
a clear "line of sight" to the satellite. This means
there can be no obstruction between the dish and the satellite.
This includes building, tree branches, mountain, etc. In order
to Receiver a good signal, select an outdoor site with a clear,
unobstructed view of the South, Southeast, or Southwest. If you
install the dish in the winter, leaves that are normally on the
branches may not be present. A problem with reception may occur
when the leaves grow back in the spring and summer.
75 cm (30 inch) dish
for 90 cm (36 inch) dish assembly picture:
Dish Mount Installation
- Insert the Stand Pipe between
the two ears of the Mount Bracket as in Figure 1.
- Ensure that both the pivot
bolt and the adjustment bolt are in place as in Figure
- The top of the Stand Pipe
must be mounted vertically, perpendicular to the ground,
otherwise it will complicate pointing the dish at the satellite.
We suggest using a contractor's level and placing it on
top of pipe the pipe as in Figure 3.
Dish Pointing Basic
To Receiver broadcast signals for Telstar
5 or any satellite, your dish must be positioned correctly. The
exact direction that your antenna will have to be pointed is dependent
upon your location. The elevation angle is the angle
relative to the horizon, that the antenna must be raised in order
to be able to Receiver signals from a particular satellite. The azimuth
compass bearing is the compass bearing, left to right, that
the antenna must be pointed toward in order to Receiver the satellite
signal. Those two angles will help you determine if the location
you have selected for placement of your antenna will permit unimpeded
satellite reception. If you don't know the elevation angle and the
azimuth compass bearing of where you live
here. To calculate the elevation and the azimuth, you need to
know the satellite degree and your ZiUpgrade PCode. For example: Telstar
is located at 97° W, SatMex is at 116.8° W, and Galaxy 11
is at 91.0° W. If you are not familiar with the orientation
of the location where you would like to place the antenna, a directional
compass will be very helpful.
- Hold the compass horizontally in
your hand in front of you.
- Ensure that you are at an adequate
distance away from any metal object that may give you a false
compass indication. As you hold the compass, allow the compass
needle to stop moving. Once it has stabilized, the arrow or red
end of the compass needle should point toward the North.
- Gently rotate the compass such that
the 0-degree mark on the compass scale sits under the arrow, or
red end of the needle, pointing toward the North
- Since 0 degrees on the compass denotes
North you can now locate the compass azimuth bearing on the compass
scale. You will probably note that the direction of the satellite,
as indicated on the angle calculation or data sheet, is somewhat
towards the South. That direction is the physical direction that
the dish will have to be pointed.
- Once you have oriented yourself
in that direction, consider the elevation angle. Now, make a judgment
based on the elevation angle of where you live. Keep in mind that
45 degrees is halfway between 0 degrees and the horizon while
90 degrees is straight up. If while looking in that direction,
given both the compass azimuth and elevation for your location,
you do not see any obstacles, that location should be adequate
for the placement and installation of your dish-antenna.
Dish Aiming Procedure
- With the dish facing South and an
unobstructed view of the sky, place the provided compass on the
ground 10' to 20' behind the dish to avoid magnetic interference.
Turn the compass until the compass needle aligns exactly with
magnetic North (or make sure the color needle points north at
0 degrees). Use a straight object such as a stick or rod between
the compass and the dish to match the Azimuth angle of your location.
Move the whole dish to face the same direction as the stick or
- Set your basic elevation angle.
Refer to the elevation scale located on the elevation plate at
the back of your dish. To set the correct elevation angle, loosen
the bolts that connects the elevation plate to the triangle base
just enough so that the reflector can move up or down without
binding. efully set the elevation to the angle value of your
Dish Alignment & LNBF Mount
the actual dish alignment can be done, it is necessary to connect
a coax cable between the LNBF, attached to the dish and your Receivers.
Both connections use the standard coaxial F-connector. Now your
dish will be in position to lock in on the satellite signal. You
will need to have your Receivers connected to your television.
It is recommended that you place your
satellite Receivers and television set close to the dish during the
dish alignment procedure. If that is not possible due to where the
dish is located, a second person may be helpful to relay information
seen on the screen of the TV when the dish is being aligned. Do
not turn the power on until all the cable connections have been
made. There are two options when connecting the Receivers to your
television or monitor. The Receivers has both audio/video outputs
as well as a regular coax output on either channel 3 or 4. Attach
the appropriate cables according to the system you have. If you
use the standard coax, channel 3 or 4 output, ensure that you select
the channel, 3 or 4, that is not used in your area for local off-air
broadcast television. Your television would have to be set to the
channel you selected, 3 or 4, in order for you to Receiver the programming.
If the audio/video outputs are used, your television typically would
need to be switched to the "video" input mode.
Now turn on your Receivers and television.
Use the on screen menu to locate the signal strength meter on your
Ask a helper to watch the signal strength
screen for indications you are receiving the signal. Stand behind
the dish, and holding its outer edges, slowly turn it a little to
the left or right about 3 or 4 mm at a time to adjust the azimuth.
Pause 4 or 5 seconds, giving the Receivers enough time to lock in
on the satellite signal. Continue turning the dish in this way until
you have acquired the signal then adjust the elevation for maximum
The Signal Strength reading does not need to be "100." Lock in on
the highest possible signal.